Asthma is a disease that results in muscle spasms in the lining of the airways, leading to a narrowing of the airways which makes it difficult to breathe. When a crisis occurs, you have to act quickly.
However, Nurses not only provide internal care, they also take special care of people with asthma. The clinical picture, with its various causes, symptoms and treatment options, requires extensive care, counseling, and guidance.
However, this article provides important information on essential nursing interventions. Also, you will learn which action should the nurse take first in caring for a client during an acute asthma attack?
Which action should the nurse take first in caring for a client during an acute asthma attack?
An asthma attack can feel scary. It is still important to stay calm and act. Move away from the trigger and take airway-opening medication. In severe cases, seek first aid.
If you have already taken the opening medicine several times, but the shortness of breath does not help, you should go to the hospital.
If you can’t speak a few more words, your lips start to turn blue, or you feel confused, the situation can be life-threatening. In this case, you or someone else must call the emergency number immediately.
While asthma attacks may seem frightening, in reality, most asthma stays in good therapeutic balance with medication.
Use the medication daily and make sure you know how to use your inhaler correctly. That way, you may not have to use the opener nearly as often.
Be sure to contact your healthcare professional if you have an asthma attack. When your asthma is in a good balance of care, you can enjoy your daily life without worries.
A wide variety of medication options, treatment programs, and tips for avoiding seizure triggers are available. You should focus on enjoying everything that makes you happy and keeps you healthy.
Which finding in a client diagnosed with asthma would require a nurse to take immediate action?
Keep calm and reassure the victim. Indeed, anxiety can only aggravate the crisis. Put the victim in the position where they feel best (often a sitting position) and loosen their clothing.
Above all, do not lay down a patient who presents an asthma attack. Then Ask him to breathe slowly and deeply; Also ask if she usually takes any medications (BDCA), gets them and facilitates their self-administration;
If this is the first attack, the victim has no medication. In this case, do not give him any medication without a medical prescription. Then follow the advice given to you by the doctor.
What is the most common first-line therapy for relief of an acute asthma attack?
Acute asthma is a frequently encountered situation in emergency rooms. Its management includes a gradation of its severity and rapid administration of treatment, combining a systemic corticosteroid and bronchodilators.
When, after the initial treatment in the emergency room, the crisis no longer has a criterion of severity and the patient does not present a risk factor for a bad outcome, a continuation of home treatment is possible.
It requires the scheduling of a close visit to the attending physician, the establishment of an asthma treatment plan, the prescription of short-term oral corticosteroid therapy, as well as a combined preparation of an inhaled corticosteroid. with a long-acting beta-2-mimetic for prolonged treatment.
What medication is most appropriate for a patient experiencing an acute asthma attack?
The treatment of asthma includes inhaled bronchodilators for short-acting (or BDCA). These allow the bronchi to open in a few minutes and provide rapid relief.
As a precaution (in the event of a seizure occurring), it is essential to always keep a rescue inhaler on hand. These emergency drugs do not treat inflammation of the bronchi (cause of asthma).
If one or some of the signs below recur frequently in the person affected, it means that asthma is not well managed. You must then report it to your doctor, who will prescribe a basic treatment to better control asthma:
- If you use your rescue inhaler more than twice a week ;
- You have asthma symptoms that come back more than twice a week;
- If you have difficulty carrying out your usual daily activities ;
- Have asthma awakenings at night.
What is the leading risk factor for the development of asthma?
These risk factors involved in asthma
The occurrence of asthma results from the association of a genetic predisposition and environmental factors such as:
- allergens present inside homes ( dust mites, moulds, dander )
- outdoor allergens ( pollens and moulds)
- tobacco smoke.
- the irritating chemicals in the workplace
- air pollution, especially fine particles
The cold air, the excitement, certain drugs anti-inflammatory drugs or beta-blockers, including those used in eye drops, or the exercise can also trigger an attack.
Among the predisposing factors to asthma, let us quote: family or personal history of atopy (allergic ground), allergic rhinitis during childhood (risk of asthma multiplied by three), allergic conjunctivitis, but also prematurity or low birth weight, recurrent bronchiolitis during childhood.
We have found little evidence that antibiotics can help asthma patients, and we are still not sure. In particular, we did not find much information about important results, such as hospitalization or side effects.
However, in the studies we found, serious side effects are very rare. On the other hand, I hope you don’t have any confusion about which action the nurse should take first in caring for a client during an acute asthma attack.
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